604-879-3032

Genetic Testing

Genesis Fertility Centre has the first pregnancy from PGD and also comprehensive chromosomal testing in BC.

We proudly maintain some of the highest IVF and pregnancy success rates in Canada thanks to our education, experience and advanced technology. We’ve helped thousands of couples overcome infertility challenges, and continue to provide hope for many more.

We take great care at every stage of your family planning journey to ensure the best results possible. Learn more about our genetic testing services including Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) and Comprehensive Chromosomal Screening (CCS) below.

PGD

Genesis Fertility was the first centre in BC to have a pregnancy and delivery from PGD.

What is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)?

PGD is a diagnostic test to determine if embryos carry a hereditary genetic disease. The test is done before implantation and can prevent diseases from being passed on to the child.

PGD testing most often refers to “single gene” diseases. Genes sit on chromosomes and are not identifiable through Comprehensive Chromosomal Screening (CCS) or Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS). Genetic diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, thalassemia, Huntington’s disease, factor V Leiden can be identified if:

  1. There is a family history
  2. There is an ethnic predisposition for which screening was done (e.g. thalassemia in Asians)
  3. A patient has independently opted to undergo whole genome sequencing and was incidentally found to be a carrier of a genetic disease.

PGD can avoid X-linked genetic diseases either by transferring a female XX embryo in cases when a gene cannot be identified (e.g. severe autism) or identifying the single gene (e.g. fragile X gene) on the X chromosome.

 

PGD Process

What is the PGD process?

In PGD testing, a single gene disorder is identified and a mutational analysis is completed. Then a custom probe is built to detect presence of the abnormal gene in the embryo.

The steps for PGD are then identical to IVF and CCS (embryo biopsy, vitrification, and genetic testing) with similar risks. Comprehensive Chromosomal Screening (CCS) can be done with PGD to increase the chances of both a chromosomally normal embryo and one which is also unaffected by the abnormal gene.

Is PGD appropriate for you?
Contact our Vancouver fertility clinic today.

CCS

Genesis Fertility was the first centre in BC to have a pregnancy and delivery from CCS.

What is Comprehensive Chromosomal Screening (CCS)?

CCS is a diagnostic test to determine if the embryo is “normal” or not prior to embryo transfer. It is done independently of the traditional embryo selection methods and Eeva™.

The most common reason that embryos do not implant or later miscarry is that they had a chromosomal abnormality. Rarely, unbalanced embryos will continue to term.

The most common reason an embryo is not normal is egg age (i.e. maternal age) which leads to failed accurate separation of chromosomes during the cell division process (nondisjunction). This leads to an imbalance (too much or too little) of chromosomal DNA material in the embryo.

 

CCS Process

 

What is the CCS process?

In order to do CCS, the eggs are fertilized and grown to the day 5/6 stage of embryo development (blastocyst). If the embryos do not develop to the blastocyst stage, CCS cannot be done. Some embryos survive to day 5 but do not form blastocysts. Embryos that do not make blastocysts by day 6 are presumed not to be “normal”.

At the blastocyst stage, the embryos are biopsied. The biopsy removes 5-7 cells from the trophectoderm (the layer of cells that will become the placenta). The cells that will become the fetus are undisturbed. The embryos are frozen and the biopsy is sent to a genetics lab for analysis.

The analysis determines if the chromosomal complement of the cells that are biopsied is “balanced” or most likely to be “normal” or “viable”.  CCS testing is reported to have an accuracy of approximately 98%. Literature from genetic testing companies delineate details as information evolves.

CCS does not assess single genes that sit on the chromosomes (e.g. cystic fibrosis or thalassemia). Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD testing) is the technique used for determining these single gene diseases.

When “viable” embryos are identified, the patient will return for a frozen embryo transfer. When a single “viable” embryo is transferred, the pregnancy rates are maximized and miscarriage rates minimized.

Excellent CCS IVF success rates are achieved independently of maternal age if the embryo is known to be “normal” (i.e. a 40 year old woman who transfers a known “ normal “ embryo will have the same pregnancy rate at a 30 year old woman who transfers a known “ normal” embryo).

Indications:

  • Recurrent pregnancy loss
  • Age > 36 with good ovarian reserve
  • Repeated implantation failure
  • Multiple failed IVF cycles

 

For Comprehensive Chromosomal Screening in Vancouver, contact Genesis.

From Our Patients

Mei Ling and Felix conceived and delivered their baby from just 1 egg when she was 39.

Mei Ling
Top